What is Metabolic Syndrome? (मेटाबॉलिज्म कम होने के लक्षण) by Dr. Gaurav Palikhe

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Dr. Gaurav Palikhe

What is Metabolic Syndrome? (मेटाबॉलिज्म कम होने के लक्षण) 

In this video, SimpliHealth expert Dr. Gaurav Palikhe, Consultant Endocrinologist from Apollo Clinic, Chandigarh is talking about what metablic syndrome is and its treatment and prevention. 

What is Metabolic Syndrome? 

We use the word “metabolic syndrome” very often these days. It is also known as syndrome X and it was named after the term coined in 1986. 

It is not a disease; instead, it is the constellation of reasons that means its complex of disease-causing things, including blood pressure, sugar, cholesterol, and obesity. 

What is Metabolic Syndrome comprised of? 

All these things in combination come in metabolic syndrome, and out of these five, if three things are present, we confirm this condition. If we want to specify, if we are talking about obesity, then it is central obesity, especially abdominal or stomach obesity, which correlates with heart diseases. 

The second thing is cholesterol, in which we see triglycerides and HDL. The fourth is sugar or fasting blood sugar, and the last is blood pressure. These five things together make up this syndrome. 

And if out of these five, three things are present simultaneously, then we call that condition metabolic syndrome. It is so termed because those with this syndrome are at higher risk of heart diseases like heart attacks or strokes. 

Risk factors 

And we have a reason to prevent it, and the patients are also aware of the term metabolic syndrome its the risk factors. 

Lack of physical activity 

We usually see Metabolic syndrome in people with less physical activity, those who consume carbohydrates-rich food, those who have a sweet tooth, or eat a lot of refined or fried food. They are at higher risk of having this syndrome. 


Apart from this, there is the age factor. With the advance in age, the risk of having this problem also increases. 


Certain steroid-related medicines also increase the risk of this syndrome.

Like steroids prescribed during COVID may pose the risk of having sugar or obesity. 

How to prevent Metabolic Syndrome 

Physical activity 

Daily exercise or walking at least 30-60 minutes per day is the most important measure to prevent this condition. We can quantify this by taking 10,000 steps or more than that. 

Healthy diet 

Second, we must have a healthy lifestyle in the form of healthy fruits and green vegetables. Avoid refined food items. Apart from this, if there is an increased level of other this syndrome parameters like sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol. 

Bottom Line 

So by keeping these things under control, we can reduce the risk of heart-related diseases and strokes. As I told you, Metabolic syndrome is a complex condition, and we can both prevent and treat it. You can consult your doctor and take the necessary treatment and more information and treatment. 

So thank you. Stay healthy and stay fit.

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