How to Cure Dry Eyes Permanently | आंखों का रूखापन कैसे दूर करें? | आप सूखी आंखों को कैसे ठीक करते हैं? | आंखों में सूखापन क्यों आता है? | सूखी आंखें कब तक रहती है? | सूखी आंखों को ठीक होने में कितना समय लगता है? | ड्राई आँखों का इलाज?
- 8 months ago
How to Cure Dry Eyes Permanently | Dry Eyes Treatment and Home Remedies in Hindi | आंखों की सूखी नसों का इलाज? | आंखों में सूखापन कम करने के लिए घरेलू उपाय?
What are Dry Eyes?
The eye is a moist organ. In addition, to keep this hydrated, certain glands produce tears to lubricate and smooth the eye’s surface. Eye blinking also plays a very important role. Tears spread evenly on the surface of the eye when one blinks. Tears have many components like the lipid layer, aqueous layer, and mucin layer; hence their separate secretion leads to the formation of tears in the eyes. But if they are deficient, then there is dryness on the eye surface which is called dry eyes.
What are the symptoms of Dry eyes?
If you have dryness, you may look out for the following symptoms: one may have irritation in the eyes, especially outdoors with strong wind. Due to the wind, moisture evaporates from the eyes resulting in dry eyes. One may have a burning sensation followed by sudden eyes watering. In addition, there are indications like redness and itching. And if you have long-term dry eyes, you may have a headache. In addition, there is a possibility of blurring in the eyesight. Because due to dryness, there is a formation of mucus clots in the eye surface that floats, resulting in blurring of vision. One may need forceful blinking and rubbing of their eyes. So these symptoms indicate dry eyes.
What causes dry eyes?
Various reasons contribute to dry eyes. As I mentioned before, eye tear film has many components, and different parts of the eyes produce them. Certain conditions can cause dry eyes. The most common is computer use or studying or any focussed work for a longer duration, it eventually reduces the blinking frequency resulting in dry eyes. It is commonly known as Computer vision syndrome; Other symptoms include headache, eye-watering redness, and itching. It is also common in females over the age of 50, or menopause has set it, resulting in hormonal changes that reduce tear production resulting in dryness over the eye surface; contact lens wearers may also have dry eyes. Since the surface of the contact lens cannot hold water resulting in dryness.
Patients with allergies to dust, pollen, and seasonal allergies may cause dryness in the eyes. The tear film quality is disturbed, resulting in dryness. In addition, concerning age, tear production reduces, resulting in eye dryness. Few rare causes, like rheumatoid arthritis and inflammation of joints. It is an autoimmune disease that affects the joints and damages the eyes’ tear-producing glands, resulting in dryness in the eyes. Further, it depends upon the environment; if the house in which you live is centrally heated or you are using a heater often or have a fireplace, then it may cause dryness in the air resulting in the symptoms of eye dryness.
Diagnosis and treatment:
Mainly for the diagnosis, doctors look for dry eye symptoms if the patient has recurrent foreign body sensation in the eyes, burning sensation, redness in eyes, headache after work, and frequent blinking to feel comfortable. Hence by observing the symptoms, one can diagnose dry eyes. But if you consult a doctor, they may suggest a few tests. One thing is to measure the tear production of the Schirmer’s test. In addition to determining specific types of dry eyes, doctors do Meibography scans in which doctors scan glands in the eyelashes to decide whether it is normal. Based on all these tests, doctors establish the diagnosis of dry eyes.
Is there a permanent cure for dry eyes, or is it a recurring problem?
Dryness is a recurrent issue. Doctors can’t cure it permanently unless conditions like arthritis cause it. If one can control that automatically, it would reflect in the reduced dryness of the eyes. But in most cases, it is a recurring problem. In addition, the type of environment, lifestyle, food habits, and type of job causes dryness in the eyes. By modifying lifestyle, one can reduce the effect of eye dryness, but lubricating eye drops prescribed by the doctor are needed regularly. Their frequency may vary, but in most cases, one needs to seek dryness treatment regularly. The second thing is treatment like laser therapy in eyelashes which is especially done for dry eyes. It may help reduce the medicines, but lubricating drops must be used regularly.
Are there any important vitamins to prevent eye dryness?
As far as dryness is concerned, reports suggest a few components’ roles in preventing dry eyes. But there is no concrete evidence. It has been seen that a tear’s lipid component requires omega three fatty acids, which are present in fish oil. Hence patients suffering from acute dryness in the eyes are benefited from taking fish oil capsules. But one must take these supplements under a doctor’s recommendation because long-term intake of fish oil capsules may affect blood cholesterol levels. Vitamins E, A, and C help keep the eye surface healthy. One may include them in their diet after seeking proper consultation from their physician or doctor.
Home remedies to treat dry eyes
If you face dry eye symptoms, you can use cold water to clean your eyes. But make sure it is drinking water, not hard or tap water. Splashing drinking water makes eyes feel better symptomatically. The second thing is one needs to take care of the work or home environment. For example, if you are close to the heater and AC and have dryness because of dry air, you must take care of it. As with dry air, eyes start losing moisture resulting in the symptoms of dry eyes.
Another thing is whenever one needs to do any focused work, like if someone is tailor or use a computer, you do reading or writing a lot, then you must take a break for 5 minutes after every 2 hours and close your eyes. Apart from this, you can take an ice pack for 5- 10 minutes, which would help reduce the symptoms. Also, if you are using computers for a longer duration, then, in addition to taking breaks, you may use humidifiers. They are easily available in the market, and they will reduce the symptoms of dry eyes.
Are there any medicines?
There are many medications available that are safe and can be used without a prescription. Among them are artificial tears; various types contain carboxymethyl cellulose, polyethylene glycol, and hypromellose. Eye drops are mainly available in these compounds. But you should consult your doctor first because if you ask over the counter, they might provide you with steroids that have serious side effects and may even cause blindness. Hence one must seek a doctor’s advice before taking these medicines.
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