Early Stage Diabetes Eyes Symptoms | Diabetic Retinopathy(डायबिटिक रेटिनोपैथी)| क्या शुगर से आंखों की रोशनी कम हो जाती है? | रेटिनोपैथी का इलाज क्या है?

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  • 10 months from now
Dr. Parveen Sen
Ophthalmology

Early Stage Diabetes Eyes Symptoms | Diabetic Retinopathy | मुझे धुंधला क्यों दिख रहा है? | क्या डायबिटिक रेटिनोपैथी अंधापन का कारण बन सकती है? |

Early stage diabetes eyes symptoms, In this video, Dr. Parveen Sen, Retina Surgeon working at Mirchia’s Laser Eye Clinic- A unit of Agarwal’s Eye hospitals based in Chandigarh shares about the effect of diabetic retinopathy  on the eye. 

The incidence of diabetes is increasing at a much faster rate. Almost 10% of the population has a condition of diabetes. And once a person has diabetes, it gets complex with time. As you all know, diabetes affects in two ways: either the body is not able to produce insulin, or the body is unable to synthesise insulin. As we all know, what we eat is processed in the form of the simple sugars glucose that the cell absorbs for nutrition and functioning. So during diabetes, when insulin production by the body is less, ample nutrition is unavailable to the cells. As a result, the body weakens, and blood sugar levels rise. It is the most crucial feature in diabetic patients. Evidently, their sugar levels are very high. These high blood sugar levels may pose a severe risk to body organs like the heart, kidney, and other parts. In addition, high blood sugar can pose a serious threat to the eyes. 

Diabetic Retinopathy | Early Stage Diabetes Eyes Symptoms

The blood vessels that supply blood to the eyes are very thin and delicate. High blood sugar levels damage, and weaken these blood vessels. Due to blockage in the vessels, the blood vessels start leaking due to retina damage. Also, the retina has a direct channel with the brain. Since the retina is not having enough blood supply, retinal swelling leading to vision loss. As a result, the body develops its protective mechanism against this condition. They start producing new blood vessels to compensate for the damaged blood vessels. These new blood vessels are more acceptable and delicate and often rupture. Due to rupturing, the eyes get pooled up with blood. So on one side, the retina is swelling because of poor nutrition and insufficient blood supply; on the other, new vessels are rupturing, causing bleeding in the eyes.

Symptoms of Diabetic retinopathy

The most common symptom of diabetic retinopathy is the patient’s sight becomes hazy. They see floaters. In the adverse condition, it leads to the retinal detachment that causes irreversible blindness. Hence, it is essential to consult a retina specialist as soon as one has a diagnosis of diabetes. Also, one must follow a routine eye-check up almost once in three or four months. And if the doctor says that you need to test frequently, you must take their advice seriously. One can prevent the adverse effects of diabetes by routine eye-check up.

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