Hypoglycemia(low blood sugar): ब्लड शुगर कम होने के लक्षण और इलाज

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  • 2 months ago
Dr. Rishi Mangat
General Physicians

Hypoglycemia(low blood sugar): ब्लड शुगर कम होने के लक्षण और इलाज

In this video SimpliHealth expert General Physician Dr. Rishi Mangat is talking about Hypoglycemia(low blood sugar) and ब्लड शुगर कम होने के लक्षण और इलाज.

Hypoglycemia(low blood sugar)

As the word suggests, “hypo” means low, and glycemia means sugar, which means low sugar. When the  blood sugar is less than 70 milligram/decilitre, we call it hypoglycemia. This can happen to any age group.  So whenever sugar gets low, it may precipitate, get cold, clammy, feel irritated, dizzy, and tired. So these are some common symptoms that one may feel during the episode of hypoglycemia. One may sweat a lot. 

Why hypoglycemia often happens at night?  

Usually, in non-diabetic, the occurrence of hyperglycemia is very less i.e falling of sugar at night. The reason may be that they missed their diet or did not diet properly or doing excessive exercise. They may have the underlying disease of the kidney or pancreas, or they intake heavy alcohol regularly; this is also one of the reasons. The most common reason among people with diabetes is they miss their diet after taking medicine and miss their nighttime snack. If they are on insulin, extra precautions need to be taken if they take insulin, their diet must be monitored. If they are overdoing their routine exercise, all these reasons may contribute to hypoglycemia. 

There are few insulins whose peak, for example, if the insulin is taken in the night it is like if they take NPH insulin its half-life i.e, its peak working time is 8-9 hours, so mostly it comes around in the early morning. So the patient has a chance of getting an hypoglycemia episode in the morning.   So what happens in that situation is that few patients may fear having hypoglycemia.

ब्लड शुगर कम होने के लक्षण और इलाज: How can we save from this? 

The main thing is if you have one of these symptoms, you are taking care of someone who is having the symptoms Like they say they have bad dreams or they are often irritable, and may feel an early morning headache. Most of the time they don’t sleep well at night, and when they wake up in the morning the bedsheet is all wet due to sweating. If you have all the symptoms then one must check whether they have a sugar problem or not. The most straightforward way to check the sugar is through a Glucometer at home or by giving a blood sample in the lab one can get tested. Its treatment is not very long if we can diagnose the symptom. Basically, it is not a disease, it’s just a symptom. 

So if we can diagnose its sign, the doctors only have to If the patient is in a conscious state and is talking, one can give any sugar or any sugary drink or any type of juice to them. And if the patient is in an unconscious state don’t give anything to them immediately instead of bringing them to the hospital by ambulance or any other means. In that case the doctor has to provide them with intravenous sugar so this is the only treatment that works in very severe cases.

How can we avoid this? 

To prevent this, one needs to keep in mind that when a patient is on diabetic medicines, never miss a meal. If they are changing their exercise pattern, then they need to check their sugar after exercise and monitor it regularly. If they feel any of these symptoms, they need to recheck the sugar and add a small snack. Ideally, for the patients who are on insulin, the doctors prescribe them to have bedtime snacks.  If all these things are taken care of that one can be saved from hypoglycemia.

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