Mouth Ulcer Treatment, Symptoms & Causes | मुंह के छालो कि इलाज | मुंह में छाले क्यों हो जाते हैं? | अल्सर की पहचान कैसे करें? | माउथ अल्सर के लक्षण क्या है?
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In this video, Dr. Raman Abrol from Abrol Ent Institute and Research Centre discusses common mouth ulcer symptoms, types, and treatment.
Mouth ulcer treatment, The most common symptom of mouth ulcer is that it causes pain for a few days. One gets teased by food, spices, masalas, and hot stuff. They may present themselves anywhere, like on the tongue inside cheeks, lips, gums, and backside of the throat. Broadly, mouth ulcers are of 4 types. We categorize them into two categories, the first is benign ulcers that are not harmful, and the other is cancerous.
How symptoms of mouth ulcer vary with its types ?
Often people have problems like aphthous ulcers, which are white. These ulcers keep on rotating their position. They present themselves more than once, are multiple, and are very painful. They heal after 3-4 days on their own. Lichen planus present themselves inside the cheeks, beneath the tongue, and the gums. One may observe them as white lining on their gums which don’t look like ulcers, but white lining appears on skin or mucosa. They are painful, and one gets teased with food or spics. This lichen planus as it is a disease long-lasting. Aphthous ulcers last for a few days and heal independently, whereas this disease, Lichen planus, lasts for a month. This condition requires extensive treatment. The third type is fluid-filled ulcers or pemphigus, which take off the skin when broken. They also can be difficult to treat. It may occur on the cheeks and tongue.
Causes of mouth ulcer
Vitamin deficiency is one of the causes of mouth ulcer. Others may have acid reflux. Low immunity may also cause this. In addition, systemic diseases like uncontrolled diabetes and thyroid disease can also cause ulcers in the mouth. The reason for Lichen planus is unknown. However, we have seen that immunity plays a role in these ulcers. Low immunity may develop these types of ulcers. The treatment lasts longer.
One need not seek any medical supervision to begin with ulcers. One may take painkillers or can apply painkiller lotion topically or ointment. One must take multivitamins and antacids and do antiseptic gargles; they heal on their own in 4-5 days. The next crop may reoccur in any other location. One can’t prevent this condition, but we advise them to keep a healthy diet, including vitamins, and avoid acidity. If you have viral, diabetes or dengue any other condition that reduces immunity, then no one must take proper treatment so that it doesn’t cause low immunity.
Treatment of mouth ulcer
The cure for the second type includes oral medication and injection. Primarily we give steroid injections or medicine, and it heals slowly and gradually. It may take days to months for proper healing. There are chances of not going completely, but they start receding slowly. It doesn’t irritate. Crops may develop again and last longer, and the doctor may provide you with the right treatment. The third category is water-filled ulcers or pemphigus . They usually present themselves in individuals with low immunity. One may develop these types of ulcers with a condition of autoimmune diseases; the prime mode of treatment is a steroid. Doctors prescribe steroids both in the form of injections or orally. Aphthous ulcers are the most common and painful of all three categories. However, they last for a short period and heal on their own.