Viral Infection in the monsoon among Children

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  • 1 month ago
Dr. Raman Abrol
ENT Specialist / Otorhinolaryngology

Viral Infection in the monsoon among children

With the onset of the rainy season, comes the wave of viral infection and viral fever. It affects all the age groups. Dr. Raman Abrol from Abrol Ent Institute and Research  Centre has shed some light over viral fever among children and the general population.

What is Viral Infection ?

Viral infections are benign infections that last 2-4 days. These are contagious and slowly affect all family members. One must take a few precautions during the rainy season to avoid viral infection. 

How to avoid viral-mediated fever ?

Those who are susceptible to viral infection during the rainy season must take care of their immunity. Healthy food and avoiding coming in contact with people with fever, viral or cold-like symptoms aids in preventing its spread.

What is Viral Fever?

 On the first day of exposure, one may feel a blockage in the nose; a few may have problems with sneezing. Other common symptoms include a low-grade fever, and a mild sore throat

How does viral infection commence?

The severity of viral infection is more on the first and second day. In a few patients, fever may rise to 101-102 °C. One may suffer from frequent body aches and tiredness episodes, and even shivering. After two days, these symptoms start gradually reducing. And after two days, Followed by improvement on the fourth day. 

What is Superadded bacterial infection?

Patients with low immunity, like old-aged people or toddlers, or ones with other diseases like diabetes, may have superadded bacterial infection after viral infection. The bacterial infection mostly affects the sinus, chest, throat, or lungs. So we need treatment for the same.

Diagnosis of Viral fever:

Doctors examine the history of fever commencing, mild cold or sore throat, headache, body aches, and sudden exposure. All these symptoms point towards viral infection. In a few cases there can be light congestion in the nose or throat. One may have a low-grade or high-grade fever. 

Treatment of viral infection

Usually, the viral infection doesn’t require any special treatment. Only vitamin C, with lots of water, Crocin, or Dolo, helps reduce viral fever. Since viral infection is a self-limiting condition, it fades away in a day on its own. 

Who needs antibiotics ?

Only a few patients, like those who suffer from pre-existing conditions or are children, may suffer from additional superadded bacterial infections. Such patients may have fever for additional  2 -3 days, a nose may have yellowish discharge, a severe sore throat, coughing, and asthma attacks. Hence all these patients require antibiotics. In addition to antibiotics, doctors prescribe decongestants, and anti-allergics. Asthmatic patients require asthma treatment. Eventually they heal in 2-5 days. 

Bottom Line 

Viral fever is a very common problem and is highly contagious. Hence one must take adequate precautions. Those with viral infection should maintain a distance from the rest of their family members. Have a healthy diet, keep yourself hydrated, and avoid community gatherings till your viral infection is gone.

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