Allergic Rhinitis(एलर्जिक राइनाइटिस)

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  • 4 weeks ago
Dr. Sushmita Gupta
ENT Specialist / Otorhinolaryngology

Allergic Rhinitis(एलर्जिक राइनाइटिस)

Dr. Sushmita Gupta, Consulting ENT at Apollo Clinic Chandigarh, talks about allergic rhinitis in this video. In light of various nose infections, how difficult is it to handle nose allergies? Also, how can we cure it permanently? 

What is Rhinitis?

It is the inflammation of the nasal lining of the mucosa. Thereafter, resulting in watery dripping from the nose. It might irritate the nose resulting in blockage. 

Types of allergic rhinitis

It can be infectious, allergic, nonallergic, and non-infectious. It is widespread. In India alone, 20-30% of the population suffers from this condition. And there is a sudden urge for allergic-mediated problems. 

How do allergies affect it?

It is an atopic disease. It is Ig mediated type 1 hypersensitivity reaction to allergens. Allergens like pollen, hairs of animals or pets, fungus or mold, fumes, and gases cause these reactions. They come inside the airway tube with air and initiate a response. In particular, people have this problem seasonally.

Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment of  Seasonal allergies(Allergic rhinitis) 

Symptoms

Common symptoms of seasonal rhinitis are sneezing, running nose, and itchy eyes or nose. This condition may get chronic and last for an entire year. The most common symptom of nasal congestion is post-nasal drip. Also known as liquid discharge from nose to throat. 

Diagnosis

Allergic rhinitis is a clinical diagnosis. Furthermore, specific tests are available to determine the type of allergens causing the reaction.

Treatment

Doctors prescribe oral decongestants or antihistamines to treat seasonal allergies. Meanwhile, intranasal corticosteroid therapy can also be used. What is intranasal corticosteroid therapy ?

Intranasal corticosteroid therapy includes corticosteroids in the form of nasal spray. Besides, they are safe. Eventually, it also depends upon the patient’s symptomatic condition. Doctors prescribe nasal spray alone or in an antihistamine combination. In addition, they may prefer the saline nasal spray. It helps in clearing out or cleaning nasal secretions. Moreover, it helps in alleviating the symptoms early.

Can this be permanently cured? 

There is no permanent cure for allergic rhinitis. However, we can reduce the prolonged episode and symptoms by using medicines. Unquestionably, immunotherapy is beneficial for long-term relief.

Bottom line

If you have any of these symptoms, seek your ENT doctor’s advice because untreated allergic rhinitis can lead to sinusitis, asthma, or bronchitis.

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