Otosclerosis : Symptoms and Treatment | Symptoms of Otosclerosis | धीरे-धीरे बहरापन के लक्षण | कान से कम सुनाई देना उपचार | What is the main cause of otosclerosis? | What is otosclerosis symptoms and treatment? | Is otosclerosis Treatable?

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  • 1 year ago
Dr. Raman Abrol
ENT Specialist / Otorhinolaryngology Abrol ent research center

Otosclerosis : Symptoms and Treatment | Symptoms of Otosclerosis | धीरे-धीरे बहरापन के लक्षण | कान से कम सुनाई देना उपचार | What is the main cause of otosclerosis? | What is otosclerosis symptoms and treatment? | Is otosclerosis Treatable?

Otosclerosis,In this video, Dr. Raman Abrol, from Abrol ENT Institute and Research centre discusses Otosclerosis.  

 

What is Otosclerosis ?

 It is a disease in which a slow deafness is initiated in the patient, and it keeps getting worse with time. It is more commonly seen in ladies in their early 30s and even their late 20s. Doctors commonly see in this age category of patients with females are high in number. In a few patients, this type of deafness may start during pregnancy, and it eventually gets worse with time. Often doctors see that this condition runs in the family. It may occur to brothers or sisters, parents, and their first relatives at any age. There is a 30% incidence of this condition in the family. However, the specific reason behind this type of deafness is unknown. But it may occur independently, and various factors are associated with it; as I said before, it can be genetic. And it happens through an unknown cause in a few particular people. 

Other complications of otosclerosis

The specialty of this type of deafness is not only it gives deafness but also causes tinnitus. Very few patients may experience vertigo, but this disease primarily leads to deafness. This disease affects both ears, but the effect may vary. In one ear, it’s more and less in another. Hence the patient feels incapacitated. The basic cause of this condition is that every individual has three bones behind the eardrum responsible for hearing. They vibrate, and vibration motion is delivered to the brain and reciprocates into the sound. So the sound we receive from the ear to the brain starts from the eardrum and travels through these bones via nerves to the brain. In this particular disease, there is believed to be some dysfunction in the three bones, especially the third and most important bone. Stapes If this bone is stuck in place, if the calcium deposition occurs around it, or if any inflammation hampers sound waves’ vibration. As a result, the vibration mechanism gets dysfunctional, so sound through nerves doesn’t reach the brain; hence, no sound is produced. So this is the specific cause of this deafness. This type of deafness is treatable.

Treatment:

 Surgery may help. Medicine doesn’t play any role in the treatment, and only Surgery can treat this condition. In Surgery, doctors bypass the smallest bones that have fused. After the bypass doctor adds a material of piston in which specific inert material is used. They don’t react to the body, and certain types of metal are used. Hence the formulation of these materials makes a piston inserted intact or maintains the chain of vibration. So when the sound passes from the eardrum, it reaches two bones and a piston, and through the channel of nerves, it reaches the brain. This specific Surgery is called a stapedectomy, and this particular cause is called otosclerosis. It is a very precise Surgery and is only available in some of the centres. Any patient whose diagnosis or they have been told that their bones are fused must seek expert doctors for the treatment. 

For more information, visit SimpliHealth website.

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