Old Age Hearing Loss | Presbycusis Treatment | बुढ़ापे में कम सुनाई देने की समस्या – कारण और इलाज | What age does age-related hearing loss start? | What causes hearing loss in old age? | What is the most common type of hear loss that is age-related?

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  • 8 months ago
Dr. Raman Abrol
ENT Specialist / Otorhinolaryngology Abrol ent research center

Old Age Hearing Loss | Presbycusis Treatment | बुढ़ापे में कम सुनाई देने की समस्या – कारण और इलाज | What age does age-related hearing loss start? | What causes hearing loss in old age? | What is the most common type of hear loss that is age-related?

Old Age Hearing Loss,In this video, Dr. Raman Abrol from Abrol ENT institute and research centre discusses what leads to old age mediated hearing loss. 

As age progresses, there is wear and tear in the human body system, including the nervous system and eyes. Similarly, there is wear and tear in the ear. Likewise, one needs to wear specs with age, eyes get weak, people acquire cataracts in similar ways, and people tend to have hearing loss steadily because age causes wear and tear of ear muscles. Nerve cells die out or degenerate, resulting in hearing loss. Old age-mediated hearing loss is a particular type of hearing loss which is a high-frequency hearing loss in which a person finds it too difficult to hear low voices. This is the first stage, but as the patient gets old and he starts having hearing loss, the first and foremost symptom is that they can listen to the voice but can’t understand it. They develop discrimination towards certain words like they hear ram instead of sham; they miss words. There is a high-frequency loss in the first stage; lower voices are difficult to hear. But as the wear and tear progresses, all the frequencies get involved, and the time is reached when the patient can only hear near voices. They can’t hear voices distant from 10 ft. That is the worst and most advanced stage of old-aged hearing loss. 

How to treat Old age hearing loss ?

Old-age hearing loss is also known as presbycusis. As you all know, its treatment is not possible; doctors can’t reverse old aged wear and tear; since it’s nerve deafness or nerve loss, its treatment is not possible. In these patients, the most important thing is hearing assessment. After listening, the assessment should qualify, and quantify what type of hearing loss is.   An adequate hearing aid is the only treatment for this condition. Doctors often have seen that old aged patients feel reluctant to use hearing aids. But it is the job of an  ENT surgeon or an audiologist to convince them to use the right hearing aid. A competent audiologist can better persuade them with a better device which helps the patients.

How does hearing aid help ?

 In most patients, the hearing aid cannot provide as much assistance as it should, but a hearing aid doesn’t give you a new ear but helps. Psychological acceptance of the hearing aid will solve many of your problems. A hearing aid doesn’t give you natural hearing; rather, it provides mechanical hearing, but it corrects 90% of the problem. However, few patients still complain about poor discrimination. The most probable reason behind this, in addition to wear and tear in the ear nerve, is wear and tear in the brain itself; hence the sound signals are augmented through hearing aids, but due to fewer brain cells, they fail to provide signals or expression. As a result, they are not able to understand the sound. In this situation, nothing can be done in such a situation, only hearing aids can be used that it’s helpful to them. 

For more information, visit  SimpliHealth website.

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